You might not think much about how your air conditioner functions, but it needs refrigerant to keep your home fresh. This refrigerant is subject to environmental laws, since it contains chemicals.

Based on when your air conditioner was put in, it may use R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Lansing, as well as how these phaseouts affect you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It Discontinued?

If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it likely uses Freon®. You can learn if your air conditioner contains it by reaching us at 913-845-9463. You can also inspect the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is situated outside your home. This sticker will have information on what kind of refrigerant your AC has.

Freon, which is also referred to as R-22, includes chlorine. Scientists consider Freon to be harmful to the earth’s ozone layer and one that contributes to global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which governs refrigerants in the United States, barred its creation and import in January 2020.

I Have a R-22 Air Conditioner. Should I Replace It?

It depends. If your air conditioning is cooling as designed, you can continue to keep it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your system to operate around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy reports that replacing a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on yearly cooling bills!

If you don’t replace your air conditioner, it may cause a problem if you need air conditioning repair later on, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs may be higher-priced, as only small levels of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is on hand.

With the phaseout of R-22, many new air conditioners now use Puron®. Also referred to as R-410A, this refrigerant was developed to keep the ozone layer healthy. Since it needs a varying pressure level, it doesn’t match air conditioners that rely on R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the possibility to contribute to global warming. Because of that, it may also sometime be phased out. Although it hasn’t been disclosed yet for residential air conditioners, it’s likely sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take the Place of R-410A?

In preparation of the end, some manufacturers have begun using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant ranks low for global warming likelihood—around one-third less than R-410A. And it also decreases energy expenditure by about 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that may be forwarded on to you through your cooling costs.

Everest Heating & Cooling Can Provide Support with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In short, the changes to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t impact you a whole lot until you have to have repairs. But as we went over beforehand, repairs connected to refrigerant might be more expensive because of the low levels that are accessible.

Aside from that, your air conditioner usually stops working at the worst time, typically on the hottest day when we’re receiving lots of other requests for AC repair.

If your air conditioner requires a phased out refrigerant or is aging, we recommend getting an up-to-date, energy-efficient air conditioner. This provides a hassle-free summer and may even decrease your cooling expenses, especially if you select an ENERGY STAR®-rated air conditioner. Plus, Everest Heating & Cooling provides many financing solutions to make your new air conditioner work with your budget. Contact us at 913-845-9463 to begin right away with a free estimate.